Sleep disorders include conditions that result in changes in the way that you sleep.
Sleep deprivation or over sleeping can affect your ability to drive safely and increase your risk of other health problems.
Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders may include excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep.
This actually depends on your age.
• Older people mostly need the same amount of sleep but they often have one period of deep sleep during the night, usually in the first 3 or 4 hours.
The one seldom night without sleep will make you feel tired the next day but it would not affect your health.
However, after several sleepless nights or sleep deprived nights , you will start to find that you start:
This can be very dangerous if you are driving or operating heavy machinery. Many people are killed each year when they fall asleep while driving. Lack of sleep can make you prone to get high blood pressure, diabetes etc.
Sleeping too little (insomnia)
You mostly feel that you aren’t getting enough sleep daily or even if you do get the hours, you are not getting a good night’s rest.
There are many everyday reasons for not sleeping well:
More serious reasons include:
o heart disease
o breathing problems, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma
o neurological disease such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease
o hormone problems like overactive thyroid
o joint or muscle problems
o gastrointestinal disease, such as gastoroesophageal reflux disease or irritable bowel syndrome
o genital or urinary problems, such as incontinence or an enlarged prostate
o stopping tranquilizers and sleeping tablets
o melatonin – occasionally
o many medications can do this – need to check with your doctor.
Tips to help you sleep better:
If you have tried these tips and you still can’t sleep, go and see your doctor.
Psychological Treatments therapy is a way of changing unhealthy and unhelpful ways of thinking that can make you more anxious and so stop you from sleeping.
o strengthening the link of being in bed with only sleeping .it is done by getting into bed when you feel tired, and only using your bed for sleep and sex;
o weakening the link of being in bed with doing things that are likely to keep you awake – like watching exciting TV shows etc
o weakening the link of being in bed with worrying thoughts. If you can’t sleep, instead of lying in bed worrying, you get up and do something for a while until you feel tired again.
• Progressive muscle relaxation helps you to relax your muscles deeply. One by one, you tense and then release the muscles of your body, working up from your feet to face.
People have used sleeping tablets for many years but we now know that they:
Sleeping tablets must only be used for short periods (less than 2 weeks.
You may tend to fall asleep during the day at times, when you want to stay awake.
If you are still falling asleep in the daytime, even after a week or two of getting enough sleep, see Best psychologist doctor.
Physical illnesses such as diabetes, a viral infection, or thyroid problem can cause this sort of tiredness.
There are other conditions which make people sleep too much.
Narcolepsy (daytime sleepiness)
This is an uncommon problem, so it’s quite easy for a doctor to miss it.
There are two main symptoms:
You may also find that you:
The cause for this has recently been found – it happens due to a lack of a substance called orexin, or hypocretin.
Treatment consists of taking regular exercise and getting yourself into a regular night-time routine.
If this approach does not work, medication may help. These include:
Sleep Apnea (interrupted sleep)
You are more likely to get sleep apnea, if you are:
The problem is often noticed by a partner.
Treatment is usually very simple – cut down smoking and drinking, lose weight, and sleep in a different position.
If your apnea is very bad, you may need to wear a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) mask.
When you suffer from sleepwalking, you appear (to other people) to wake up from a deep sleep. Then get up and do things.
These can be quite complicated, like walking around or going up and down stairs. This can land you in embarrassing and dangerous situations.
Unless someone else wakes you up, you won’t remember anything about it. Sleepwalking sometimes happens after a night terror .
A sleepwalker should be guided gently back to bed and should not be woken up.
You may need to take precautions to protect them or other people, such as locking doors and windows, or locking away sharp objects, like knives and tools.
These can happen on their own, without sleepwalking.
A person with night terrors will appear to wake up suddenly from a deep sleep.
They look half-awake and very frightened, but will usually settle back to sleep without waking up completely. All you can do is sit with them until they fall asleep again.
Night terrors are different from vivid dreams or nightmares as people don’t seem to remember anything about them the next morning.
Most of us have had experienced frightening dreams or nightmares. They mostly happen during the later part of the night.
They don’t usually cause much problems unless they happen regularly, perhaps because of emotional distress. Nightmares often happen, after a distressing or life-threatening event such as a death, a disaster, an accident or a violent attack. Counselling can be helpful.
Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
RLS usually occurs on its own. Pregnancy or a physical illness (iron and vitamin deficiencies, diabetes or kidney problems) can occasionally be responsible.
If it is not caused by another physical illness, treatment depends on how bad it is. In mild RLS, the symptoms can usually be controlled by simple steps designed to help yourself through counseling and instructions to be followed.